Trigeminal Neuralgia

Trigeminal neuralgia is a condition that occurs from erratic electrical activity brain. If the trigeminal nerve comes into contact with an artery or venous loop, it can become irritated. This irritation causes abnormal electrical activity to occur in the nerve.

Trigeminal Neuralgia Symptoms

For the patient, this results in episodic periods of piercing or stabbing pain. This lancinating pain can spread over the face, the scalp or into the gums and teeth.

It is a painful and debilitating condition. Common daily activities can trigger the episodic pain. Actions like touching, washing or rubbing the face and brushing your teeth can lead to pain. Worse still, necessary everyday actions like eating and drinking can cause pain.

Trigeminal Neuralgia Diagnosis

The diagnosis of trigeminal neuralgia is clinical. This means that we diagnose the condition by reviewing signs, symptoms, the history of disease and the location of pain.

It is possible to conduct further testing to uncover an obvious cause. This involves performing MRI scans.

Trigeminal Neuralgia Treatment

There are few treatment options which include:

  • taking medication
  • performing radiofrequency treatment
  • performing micro neurosurgery to remove any tumours or abnormal blood vessel loops
  • performing stereotactic radiosurgery


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To make an appointment with one of our neurosurgeons, please call 03 9329 4761.

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